Kite Within a Square  Problem With Solution
A problem on finding the sine of the angle of a kite within a square is presented along with detailed solution.
Problem : In the figure below, ABCD is a square whose side has a length equal to 2 units. Points M and N are on the sides BC and CD such that x is the length of BM and DN. Express sin(a) as a function of x.
Solution to Problem :

The right triangles ABM and ADN are congruent. The area of one of them is given by
(1/2)(2)(x) = x

We now subtract the areas of the two right triangles ABM and ADN from the area of the square to obtain the area of the kite AMCN.
area of AMCN = (2)(2)  2 x = 4  2x

The area of the kite AMCN can also be found as the area of the isosceles triangle AMN plus the right triangle MCN
area of isosceles triangle AMN = (1/2) sin(a) (AM)(AN) = (1/2) sin(a) AM^{2} = (1/2) sin(a) (x^{2} + 4)
area of MCN = (1/2)(x  2)^{2}
area of AMCN = (1/2) sin(a) (x^{2} + 4) + (1/2)(x  2)^{2}

We now equate the two expressions for the area of the kite AMCN found above to obtain
(1/2) sin(a) (x^{2} + 4) + (1/2)(x  2)^{2} = 4  2x

Multiply all terms of the above equation by 2 to obtain
sin(a) (x^{2} + 4) + (x  2)^{2} = 2(4  2x)

Solve for sin(a) to obtain.
sin(a) = (4  x^{2}) / (4 + x^{2})

As an exercise, put x = 0 in the expression of sin(a) obtained and find angle a. Check your answer using the geometrical figure shown above. Set x = 0 and check your answer. Any contradiction in your answers?
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