Length and Width of Rectangle - Calculator


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Online calculator to calculate the dimensions (length and width) of a rectangle given the area A and perimeter P of the rectangle.

The formulas for the perimeter P and the area A of the rectangle are used to write equations as follows:

P = 2 * L + 2 * W


A = L * W


Then these equations are solved for L and W which are the length and width of the rectangle.

How to use the calculator

Enter the perimeter P and area A as positive real numbers and press "enter". The outputs are the width, length and diagonal of the rectangle. There are conditions under which this problem has a solution (see formulation of problem below).

perimeter =
area =


width =
length =
diagonal =

Formulation of Problem

Let P be the perimeter of a rectangle and A its area. Let W and L be, respectively, the width and length of the rectangle. Find W and L in terms of P and A.

solution

P = 2 * W + 2 * L    (1)

and

A = W * L    (2)

solve equation (1) for W:

W = P / 2 - L

and W by P / 2 - L in A = W * L to obtain

A = L * (P / 2 - L)

Rewrite as a standard quadratic equation in L

L 2 - L (P / 2) + A = 0

Solve the above equation for L and find W using W = P / 2 - L.

Practice: Find the discriminant of the above quadratic equation and find the condition on P and A under which the above problem has no solution.

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Updated: 2 April 2013

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