# Find Derivative of f(x) = arcsin(sin(x)) and graph it

A tutorial on how to find the first derivative of f(x) = arcsin(sin(x)) and graph f and f' for x in R.

Since the domain of f is R and sin(x) is periodic, then f(x) = arcsin(sin(x)) is also a periodic function.
The graph below shows the graphs of arcsin(sin(x)) and sin(x) over 3 periods. Domain of f: (-∞ , +∞) Range of f: [-π/2 , π/2] Derivative of f(x) = arcsin(sin(x))f(x) is a composite function and the derivative is computed using the chain rule as follows: Let u = sin(x) Hence f(x) = arctan(u(x)) Apply the chain rule of differentiation f '(x) = du/dx d(arcsin(u))/du = cos(x) * 1 / √(1 - u ^{2})
= cos(x) * 1 / (1 - sin ^{2}(x))
= cos(x) / √(sin ^{2}(x))
= cos(x) / | cos(x) | Below is shown arcsin(sin(x)) in red and its derivative in blue. Note that the derivative is undefined for values of x for which cos(x) = 0, which means at x = π/2 + k*π, where k is an integer. For these same values of x, arcsin(sin(x)) has either a maximum value equal to π/2 or a minimum value equal to -π/2. Note that although arcsin(sin(x)) is continuous for all values of x its derivative is undefined at certain values of x. More on differentiation and derivatives |