Grade 8 algebra questions with solutions are presented. Questions on solving equations, simplifying expressions including expressions with fractions are included.

 NOTE: In what follows, mixed numbers are written in the form a(b/c). For exampl 2 1/3 means the mixed number 2 + 1/3. Simplify the following algebraic expressions. -2x + 5 + 10x - 9 3(x + 7) + 2(-x + 4) + 5x Simplify the expressions. (2x - 6) / 2 (-x - 2) / (x + 2) (5x - 5)/10 Solve for x the following equations. -x = 6 2x - 8 = -x + 4 2x + 1/2 = 2/3 x/3 + 2 = 5 -5/x = 2 Evaluate for the given values of x and y. x2 - y2 , for x = 4 and y = 5 |4x - 2y| , for x = -2 and y = 3 3x3 - 4y4 , for x = -1 and y = -2 Solve the following inequalities. x + 6 < 0 x + 1 > 5 2(x - 2) < 12 What is the reciprocal of each of the following numbers? -1 0 3/4 2 5/7 0.02 Evaluate the folwoing expressions involving mixed numbers. 3 3/4 + 6 1/7 (1 3/5) × (3 1/3) - 2 1/2 (5 2/3) ÷ (4 1/5) (3 4/7 - 1 1/2) ÷ (2 3/8 + 2 1/4) Evaluate the folwoing exponential expressions. -42 (-2)3 (-2)4 10000 5661 Convert to fractions and write in simplest form. 0.02 12% 0.5% 1.12 Convert to decimals. 1/5 120% 0.2% 4 8/5 Convert to percent. 3/10 1.4 123.45 2 4/5 Which of these numbers is divisible by 3? 156312 176314 Which of these numbers is divisible by 4? 3432 1257 Which of these numbers is divisible by 6? 1233 3432 Which of these numbers is divisible by 9? 2538 1451 Evaluate 8x + 7 given that x - 3 = 10. Solutions and Answers to the Above Questions -2x + 5 + 10x - 9 : given = (10x - 2x) + (5 - 9) : put like terms together = 8x - 4 : group 3(x + 7) + 2(-x + 4) + 5x : given = 3x + 21 - 2x + 8 + 5x : expand = (3x - 2x + 5x) + (21 + 8) : put like terms together = 6x + 29 : group (2x - 6) / 2 : given = 2(x - 3) / 2 : factor 2 in numerator = x - 3 : divide numerator and denominator by 2 to simplify (-x - 2) / (x + 2) : given = -1(x + 2) / (x + 2) : factor -1 in numerator = -1 : divide numerator and denominator by x + 2 to simplify (5x - 5)/10 : given = 5(x - 1) / 10 : factor 5 in numerator = (x - 1) / 2 : divide numerator and denominator by 5 to simplify -x = 6 : given x = -6 : multiply both sides of the equation by -1 2x - 8 = -x + 4 : given 2x - 8 + 8 = -x + 4 + 8 : add +8 to both sides of the equation 2x = -x + 12 : group like terms 2x + x = -x + 12 + x : add +x to both sides 3x = 12 : group like terms x = 4 : mutliply both sides by 1/3 2x + 1/2 = 2/3 : given 2x + 1/2 - 1/2 = 2/3 - 1/2 : subtract 1/2 from both sides 2x = 1/6 : group like terms x = 1/12 : multiply both sides by 1/2 x/3 + 2 = 5 : given x/3 + 2 - 2 = 5 - 2 : subtract 2 from both sides x/3 = 3 : group like terms x = 9 : multiply both sides by 1/2 -5/x = 2 : given -5 = 2x : multiply both sides by x and simplify -5/2 = x : : multiply both sides by 1/2 x2 - y2 , x = 4 , y = 5 : given 42 - 52 : substitute x and y by the given values =16 - 25 = -9 |4x - 2y| , x = -2 , y = 3 : given |4(-2) - 2(3)| : substitute x and y by the given values = |-14| = 14 : evaluate 3x3 - 4y4 , x = -1 , y = -2 : given 3(-1)3 - 4(-2)4 : substitute x and y by the given values = -3 - 64 = -67 : evaluate x + 6 < 0 : given x + 6 - 6 < -6 : subtract 6 from both sides x < -6 : group like terms x + 1 > 5 : given x + 1 - 1 > 5 - 1 : subtract 1 from both sides x > 4 : group like terms 2(x - 2) < 12 : given x - 2 < 6 : mutliply both sides by 1/2 x - 2 + 2 < 6 + 2 : add 2 to both sides x < 8 : group like terms (-1) a = 1 : definition: a is the reciprocal of -1 a = 1/-1 = -1 : solve for a; -1 is the reciprocal of -1 (0) b = 1 : definition: b is the reciprocal of 0 b = undefined : no value of b satisfies the above equation (3/4) c = 1 : definition: c is the reciprocal of 3/4 c = 4/3 : solve for c; c = 4/3 is the reciprocal of 3/4 (2 5/7) d = 1 : definition: d is the reciprocal of 2 5/7. (19/7) d = 1 : convert the mixed number 2 5/7 into a fraction. d = 7/19 : : solve for d; d = 7/19 is the reciprocal of 2(5/7) 0.02 d = 1 : definition: d is the reciprocal of 0.02. d = 1/0.02 : solve for d; d = 50 is the reciprocal of 0.02 3 3/4 + 6 1/7 : given = (3 + 6) + (3/4 + 1/7) : put the whole parts together and the fractional parts together. = 9 + (21/28 + 4/28) : add. = 9 25/28 (1 3/5) × (3 1/3) - 2 1/2 : given = (8/5) × (10/3) - 2 1/2 : convert mixed numbers to mupliply into fractions. = 80/15 - 2 1/2 = 5 1/3 - 2 1/2 = 4 4/3 - 2 1/2: mupliply and write as mixed number if possible = (4 - 2) + (4/3 - 1/2) : subtract = 2 5/6 (5 2/3) ÷ (4 1/5) : given = (17/3) ÷ (21/5) : convert mixed numbers to fractions. = 85 / 63 : divide fractions = 1 22/63 : write as mixed number (3 4/7 - 1 1/2) ÷ (2 3/8 + 2 1/4) : given = [(3 - 1) + (4/7 - 1/2)] ÷ [(2 + 2) + (3/8 + 1/4)]: evaluate numerator and denominator as fractions. = (2 1/14) ÷ (4 5/8) = (29/14) ÷ (37/8) = 116/259 -42 : given = - (4 × 4) = -16 : expand and calculate (-2)3 : given = (-2)×(-2)×(-2) = -8 : expand and calculate 10000 : given = 10000 = 1 : definition: any nonzero number to the power zero gives 1 5661 : given = 5661 = 566 0.02 = 1/50 12% = 3/25 0.5% = 1/200 1.12 = 28/25 1/5 = 0.2 120% = 1.2 0.2% = 0.002 4 8/5 = 5.6 3/10 = 30% 1.4 = 140% 123.45 = 12345% 2 4/5 = 280% 156312 , is divisible by 3 176314 , is not divisible by 3 3432 , is divisible by 4 1257 , is not divisible by 4 1233 , is not divisible by 6 3432 , is divisible by 6 2538 , is divisible by 9 1451 , is not divisible by 9 Evaluate 8x + 7 given that x - 3 = 10. x - 3 = 10: given equation x = 10 + 3 = 13: solve the givenequation. 8(13) + 7 = 111 substitute x by 3 in the given expression and evaluate.

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